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  5. Political Animal: The Making of Tony Abbott

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Back to home page Return to top. Very Good ,. Buy it now - Add to Watch list Added to your Watch list. Back to home page. Listed in category:. Free postage Opens image gallery Image not available Photos not available for this variation. Watch this item Watching Watch list is full. Very Good : A book that has been read and does not look new, but is in excellent condition. Tony Abbott is the most successful Opposition leader of the last forty years, but he has never been popular. Now Australians want to kw: what kind of man is he, and how would he perform as prime minister?

In this dramatic portrait, David Marr shows that as a young Catholic warrior at university, Abbott was already a brutally effective politician. He later led the way in defeating the republic and, as the self-proclaimed 'political love child' of John Howard, rose rapidly in the Liberal Party.

His reputation as a head-kicker and hard-liner made him an unlikely leader, but when the time came, his opposition to the emissions trading scheme proved decisive. Marr shows that Abbott thrives on chaos and conflict. The Coalition lost government in and Abbott was re-elected to the seat of Warringah with a 1. After canvassing the support of his colleagues, Abbott decided to withdraw his nomination. He seemingly did not have the numbers, noting that he was "obviously very closely identified with the outgoing prime minister.

During this period in Opposition, Abbott wrote Battlelines , a biography and reflection on the Howard Government, and potential future policy direction for the Liberal Party.

4 editions of this work

He recommended the establishment of local hospital and school boards to manage health and education, [83] and discussed family law reform, multiculturalism, climate change, and international relations. The book received a favourable review from former Labor Party speech writer Bob Ellis and The Australian described it as "read almost universally as Abbott's intellectual application for the party's leadership after the Turnbull experiment". The number of unauthorised immigrant arrivals in boats to Australia increased during Kevin Rudd found a solution and has now created a problem".

'I would rather be a loser than a quitter': Tony Abbott loses Warringah - ABC News

During November , Abbott resigned from shadow ministerial responsibilities due to the Liberal Party's position on the Rudd Government's Emissions trading Scheme ETS , leading to the resignation of other shadow ministers. Abbott proposed blocking the government's ETS in the Senate whereas Turnbull sought to amend the bill which the majority of the Liberal Party did not support. The Coalition and minor parties voted against the government's ETS legislation in the Senate and the legislation was rejected.

Abbott announced a new Coalition policy on carbon emission reduction in February, which committed the Coalition to a 5 per cent reduction in emissions by Abbott proposed the creation of an 'emissions reduction fund' to provide 'direct' incentives to industry and farmers to reduce carbon emissions. When appointed to the Liberal leadership, Abbott's Catholicism and moral beliefs became subjects of repeated media questioning.

Various commentators suggested that his traditionalist views would polarise female voters. When asked by a journalist whether he had been drunk, Abbott said "that is an impertinent question" and that he "wasn't keeping count" but thought it was "maybe two" bottles of wine. In a 60 Minutes interview aired on 7 March , Abbott was asked: "Homosexuality? How do you feel about that? He replied: "I'd probably feel a bit threatened … it's a fact of life and I try to treat people as people and not put them in pigeonholes.

In March , Abbott, announced a new policy initiative to provide for six months paid parental leave , funded by an increase in corporate tax by 1. Business groups and the government opposed the plan, however it won support from the Australian Greens. While Opposition Spokesman for Indigenous Affairs, Abbott spent time in remote Cape York Aboriginal communities as a teacher, organised through prominent indigenous activist Noel Pearson.

Abbott repeatedly spoke of his admiration for Pearson, and in March , introduced the Wild Rivers Environmental Management Bill to Parliament in support of Pearson's campaign to overturn the Queensland government's Wild Rivers legislation. Abbott and Pearson believed that the Queensland law would 'block the economic development' of indigenous land, and interfere with Aboriginal land rights.

In April he set out on a 9-day charity bike ride between Melbourne and Sydney, the annual Pollie Pedal, generating political debate about whether he should have committed so much time to physical fitness. In his first Budget reply speech as Opposition Leader, Abbott sought to portray the Rudd Government's third budget as a "tax and spend" budget and promised to fight the election on the new mining "super-profits" tax proposed by Rudd.

On 17 July, Gillard called the federal election for 21 August. The two leaders met for one official debate during the campaign. Studio audience surveys by Channel 9 and Seven Network suggested a win to Gillard. In Sydney on 11 August, Abbott's opening statement focused on his main election messages around government debt, taxation and asylum seekers.

Labor and the Coalition each won 72 seats in the seat House of Representatives , [] four short of the requirement for majority government , resulting in the first hung parliament since the election. Abbott and Gillard commenced a day period of negotiation with crossbenchers over who would form government. On the crossbench, four independent members, one member of the National Party of Western Australia and one member of the Australian Greens held the balance of power.

Another independent and the WA National gave their confidence and supply support to the Coalition, resulting in Labor holding a 76—74 tally of votes on the floor of the Parliament. During negotiations, the Independents requested that both major parties' policies be costed by the apolitical Australian Treasury. The Coalition initially resisted the idea, citing concerns over Treasury leaks, however they eventually allowed the analysis.

Tony Abbott

Following the election, Abbott and his deputy, Julie Bishop , were re-elected unopposed as leaders of the Liberal Party. Following the — Queensland floods , Abbott opposed plans by the Gillard government to impose a "flood levy" on taxpayers to fund reconstruction efforts. Abbott said that funding should be found within the existing budget. In February , Abbott criticised the Gillard government's handling of health reform and proposal for a 50—50 public hospitals funding arrangement with the states and territories, describing the revised Labor Party proposal as "the biggest surrender since Singapore".

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Abbott said that Gillard had lied to the electorate over the issue because Gillard and her Treasurer Wayne Swan had ruled out the introduction of a carbon tax in the lead up to the election. In April , Abbott proposed consultation with Indigenous people over a bipartisan Federal Government intervention in Northern Territory towns including Alice Springs, Katherine and Tennant Creek, which would cover such areas as police numbers and school attendance in an effort to address what he described as a "failed state" situation. Following the first Gillard Government budget in May , Abbott used his budget-reply speech to reiterate his critiques of government policy and call for an early election over the issue of a carbon tax.

Reflecting on indigenous issues on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the Aboriginal Tent Embassy on Australia Day , Abbott said that there had been many positive developments in indigenous affairs in recent decades including Rudd's apology and moves to include indigenous Australians in the Australian Constitution.

Later that day, Abbott became the target of protesters from the "Embassy" after one of Gillard's advisers contacted a union official who advised Tent Embassy protesters of Abbott's whereabouts and misrepresented Abbott's views on Aboriginal affairs to them, saying he intended to "pull down" the embassy. A major security scare resulted, which was broadcast around the world, resulting in Gillard and Abbott being rushed to a government car amid a throng of security due to fears for their safety. In an address to the National Press Club on 31 January , Abbott outlined some of his plans for government if elected.

These included an intent to live one week of every year in an indigenous Australian community, and to prune government expenditure and cut taxes. Abbott also announced "aspirational" targets for a disability insurance scheme and a subsidised dentistry program once the budget had been restored to "strong surplus". Abbott responded to the February Labor leadership crisis by criticising the cross bench independents for keeping Labor in power and renewed his calls for a general election to select the next Prime Minister of Australia.

In criticising the Gillard Government on foreign policy, Abbott said that "foreign policy should have a Jakarta rather than a Geneva focus". The presidential reception was an unusual occurrence for an opposition leader. In November , Abbott launched his fourth book, A Strong Australia , a compilation of nine of his "landmark speeches" from , including his budget reply and National Press Club addresses. Abbott and his ministry were sworn in on 18 September On the first day of the new Parliament, Abbott introduced legislation into Parliament to repeal the Carbon Tax, and commenced Operation Sovereign Borders , the Coalition's policy to stop illegal maritime arrivals, which received strong public support.

Abbott announced a Royal Commission into trade union governance and corruption on 11 February The Australian federal budget , the Abbott Government's first budget, delivered by Treasurer Joe Hockey, was criticised by the Opposition as "cruel" and "unfair" and a large number of budget saving measures were blocked by the crossbench in the Senate. Hockey and Abbott were both criticised for their inability to "sell" the necessity of the budget cuts to the cross bench or the public. Hockey was further criticised for several "out of touch" and "insensitive" comments in subsequent months, however, the prime minister continuously publicly backed the treasurer, refusing to replace him with a better performing minister.

On 25 March , Abbott announced that he had advised the Queen to reinstate the knight and dame system of honours to the Order of Australia.

Tony Abbott - Wikipedia

Outgoing Governor-General Quentin Bryce and her successor, Peter Cosgrove , became the first recipients of the reinstated honours. This decision was widely criticised, including by members of the government, and fuelled speculation that the prime minister's leadership could be challenged.

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On 6 February , Liberal backbencher Luke Simpkins announced that he would move a motion, at a meeting of the party room, for a spill of the federal Liberal Party's leadership positions. Simpkins stated that such a motion would give Liberal members of parliament and senators the opportunity to either endorse the Prime Minister or "seek a new direction. Another of Abbott's "captain's calls", the appointment of former Howard Government minister Bronwyn Bishop as Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives , caused controversy because of Bishop's partisan management of the House and for her decision to attend Liberal party room meetings despite the convention that the Speaker be impartial regardless of political alignment.

Bishop came under intense media scrutiny in July after details of her use of taxpayer-funded political entitlements were made public, including chartering a helicopter flight between Melbourne and Geelong to attend a Liberal party fundraiser. Abbott was criticised over his handling of the entitlements scandal as he allowed the controversy to drag on for weeks because of his refusal to sack the Speaker, a close friend and political mentor.

Despite Abbott's support, Bishop resigned as Speaker on 2 August During Abbott's prime ministership, Australian law continued to define marriage as a union of male and female persons, while recognising same-sex couples as de facto couples in areas such as taxation law, social security law, immigration and superannuation, and Abbott did not support changing the law.

Abbott determined that a national plebiscite, rather than a Parliamentary vote should settle the issue. As an Opposition front bencher in Abbott wrote: "The love and commitment between two people of the same sex can be as strong as that between husband and wife There is more moral quality in a relationship between two people devoted to each other for decades than in many a short-lived marriage. Still, however deeply affectionate or long lasting it may be, the relationship between two people of the same sex cannot be a marriage because a marriage, by definition, is between a man and a woman Let's celebrate all strong relationships, whether they are between a man and a woman or between people of the same sex but let's be careful about describing every lasting sexual bond as a 'marriage'.

In Government, Abbott reaffirmed that he did not support changing the law to recognise same-sex marriages, and did not alter Coalition policy on the issue — however he permitted Coalition members to advocate for change if they felt strongly on the issue, and indicated that if a bill were to come before the new parliament, the Coalition party room would discuss its stance on the issue. On 11 August , after renewed debate about same-sex marriage in Australia , Abbott called a Coalition Party room vote and Coalition MPs voted against allowing a free vote on the issue 66 to Some MPs said they were willing to cross the floor on the issue and Abbott was criticised by some pro-gay marriage Liberal MPs, including Christopher Pyne, for holding the vote in the Coalition party room, rather than the Liberal party room as the inclusion of National Party votes decreased chances of a pro-change outcome.

Although he remains personally opposed to change, he says Parliament should respect the outcome of the national vote on the issue.

Political Animal: The Making of Tony Abbott

On 14 September , Malcolm Turnbull, the Minister for Communications, resigned and stated his intention to challenge the Liberal Party leadership in a leadership spill. A party-room meeting held that evening saw Abbott defeated by Turnbull on a 54—44 vote. According to The Economist , his demise was a result of poor opinion polling, policy U-turns and gaffes and mean-spirited politics.

Abbott's final speech as Prime Minister on 15 September did not address his political future. Subsequent national polling indicated widespread support for the removal of Abbott as Prime Minister and Liberal leader. The Australia Institute executive director, Ben Oquist , who commissioned the independent polling, claimed: "The polling indicates that the electorate is quickly moving on from the Tony Abbott era". On 24 January , Abbott confirmed that he would stand for Liberal preselection for the Division of Warringah in the federal election. Since Abbott's re-election at the federal election he has been critical of policy positions of his party on a number of occasions.

In September , Abbott was headbutted at a private event in Hobart, after the man asked to shake Abbott's hand. On 18 May , during the federal election , Abbott lost his seat of Warringah to independent candidate and former Olympic skiier Zali Steggall. This came despite the seat being traditionally conservative it had been held by the Liberals and their predecessors without interruption since However, he lost over 12 percent of his primary vote from , and finished over 4, votes behind Steggall on the first preference count.

Abbott has an active interest in indigenous affairs. As Opposition Leader, he worked with Cape York Aboriginal activist Noel Pearson , volunteered as a teacher in remote Aboriginal Communities and gave a commitment to continue to live one week a year in such communities if elected Prime Minister. While the Coalition and Labor were engaged in negotiations with crossbenchers to obtain minority government in , Noel Pearson lobbied Rob Oakeshott to back Abbott.

Australia is a blessed country. Our climate, our land, our people, our institutions rightly make us the envy of the earth, except for one thing—we have never fully made peace with the First Australians. This is the stain on our soul that Prime Minister Keating so movingly evoked at Redfern 21 years ago. We have to acknowledge that pre this land was as Aboriginal then as it is Australian now. Until we have acknowledged that we will be an incomplete nation and a torn people … So our challenge is to do now in these times what should have been done or years ago to acknowledge Aboriginal people in our country's foundation document.

In short, we need to atone for the omissions and for the hardness of heart of our forebears to enable us all to embrace the future as a united people. In August , he disappointed Aboriginal leaders Patrick Dodson and Noel Pearson by rejecting as potentially divisive their request for the federal government to fund a series of Indigenous-only conventions on the wording for the referendum. Abbott supports the Australian monarchy. Prior to becoming Opposition Leader, Abbott initially supported proposals by Liberal leaders Howard and Turnbull to introduce floating prices to reduce carbon emissions, but also expressed some doubts as to the science and economics underlying such initiatives.

In , Abbott announced his opposition to Turnbull's support for the Rudd Government's Emissions Trading Scheme proposal, and successfully challenged Turnbull for the Liberal leadership, chiefly over this issue. I think that climate change is real, humanity makes a contribution. It's important to take strong and effective action against it, and that is what our direct action policy does.

And that is why the incentive-based system that we've got, the direct action policies, which are quite similar to those that president Obama has put into practice, is — that's the smart way to deal with this, a big tax is a dumb way to deal with it. Upon becoming Leader of the Opposition, Abbott put the question of support for the Government's Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme CPRS to a secret ballot and the Liberal Party voted to reject the policy — overturning an undertaking by Turnbull to support an amended version of the government's scheme.

Under Abbott, the Coalition joined the Greens and voted against the CPRS in the Senate, and the bill was defeated twice, providing a double dissolution trigger. In October , Abbott spoke in London at the Global Warming Policy Foundation , a climate-skeptic lobby group, where he described climate change as "probably doing good; or at least, more good than harm. Abbott is opposed to same sex marriage in Australia.

Abbott is an opponent of embryonic stem cell research and euthanasia. Abbott opposed allowing the introduction of embryonic stem cell research or therapeutic cloning in a conscience vote. In his book Battlelines , Abbott proposed that consideration should be given to a return to an optional at-fault divorce agreement between couples who would like it, similar to the Matrimonial Causes Act , which would require spouses to prove offences like adultery , habitual drunkenness, cruelty, desertion, or a five-year separation before a divorce would be granted.

Abbott supported Peter Dutton 's call to give "special treatment" to white South African farmers seeking asylum. When Abbott was 22, his girlfriend at the time became pregnant and claimed he was the biological father. The couple did not marry and put the child up for adoption.

For 27 years, Abbott believed that he was the father of the child. Abbott is a Roman Catholic. The Jesuits helped to instill in me this thought that our calling in life was to be … 'a man for others' … I am a pretty traditional Catholic I'm not an evangelical, a charismatic Christian, I'm not. I try to attend Mass, but I don't get there every Sunday any more Faith has certainly helped to shape my life, but it doesn't in any way determine my politics".

As a former Catholic seminarian , Abbott's religiosity has come to national attention and journalists have often sought his views on the role of religion in politics. According to John Warhurst of the Australian National University , academics have at times placed an "exaggerated concentration on the religious affiliation and personal religious background of just one of [the Howard government's] senior ministers, Tony Abbott.

We are all influenced by a value system that we hold, but in the end, every decision that a politician makes is, or at least should, in our society be based on the normal sorts of considerations. It's got to be publicly justifiable; not only justifiable in accordance with a private view; a private belief. Various political positions supported by Abbott have been criticised by church representatives, including aspects of Coalition industrial relations, asylum seeker, and Aboriginal affairs policies.

It doesn't give someone the power to convert poor logic into good logic. In April , he launched the tenth annual Pollie Pedal, to raise money for breast cancer research. In , Abbott spent three weeks teaching in a remote Aboriginal settlement in Coen on Cape York, organised through indigenous leader Noel Pearson. He taught remedial reading to Aboriginal children and worked with an income management group helping families manage their welfare payments.

In , he spent 10 days in Aurukun on Cape York working with the truancy team, visiting children who had not been attending school. Abbott's stated goal for these visits was to familiarise himself with indigenous issues. Abbott has published four books. In , he launched Battlelines ; a personal biography, reflections on the Howard Government and discussion of potential policy directions for the Liberal Party of Australia.

In , he released a compilation of key speeches from that year, entitled A Strong Australia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named Tony Abbott, see Tony Abbott disambiguation. The Honourable. Margie Aitken m. Active organisations.


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Defunct organisations. Related topics. Liberalism in Australia Liberal conservatism Politics of Australia. Main article: Australian federal election, Main article: Abbott Government. Main article: Liberal Party of Australia leadership spill motion, February Main article: Liberal Party of Australia leadership spill, September The Daily Telegraph.

Retrieved 22 August Parliament of Australia. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 14 June Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 18 May The Age. Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 27 April ABC Radio. Retrieved 11 September Retrieved 20 September The Australian. Retrieved 11 February The Guardian. Retrieved 19 May Retrieved 14 September A Man's Man. The Sydney Morning Herald.

Retrieved 1 April Retrieved 8 September National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 10 September Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 22 June Australia: ABC News. Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 4 April Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 5 November The Monthly. The Catholic Weekly. Archived from the original on 30 March Archived from the original on 11 December Retrieved 7 March The Drum. Retrieved 25 August University of Oxford.